Tulja Bhavani Temple and Its Significance

The sacred Tulja Bhavani Temple is home to Kulaswamini, Maharashtra’s patron deity.

Before delving into the significance of Tulja Bhavani, it must be mentioned that the temple’s MAHIMA (divine importance) increases manifold because of the legend of Tulja Bhavani herself gifting the sword to Shivaji, who worshipped her as ishta devta (interestingly, the word Devta is a feminine gender in Sanskrit!). With that sword Shivaji won every battle he participated in.

At the risk of sounding outright disdainful, this is a mere legend and this never happened. This form (Bhavani) of the goddess is rather ferocious. She vanquished Mahishasur (Mahish: Buffalo/Asur: Demon) and killed him. The temple now stands where the head of the demon is believed to have fallen. This is also a legend. But astha asthim mithyam na sarvate (when faith reigns supreme, falsehood is believed as truth).

Yet another legend associated with the place is that Shivaji’s arch rival Afzal Khan planned to destroy and desecrate the temple and mata’s idol. She came to the dream of the priest and advised him to shift her idol. So this rare ‘chala moorti’ (moving idol) is not fixed at one place.

Now comes philosophical interpretation of Tulja Bhavani and her raudra roop avtar (ferocious form). Hinduism, in its deity worship, believes that the god/goddess can serve all purposes and they’ve benevolent, benign as well as hard, harsh and harrowing forms. Hindu dharmshastra believes that as per the situation, the deity takes the avatar. Dushtaam nighranam devi asitu raudram (To defeat and punish the wayward, god/goddess takes a fearful avatar) and ‘Madhuram prrtyarthe devam asitu maardav’ (To bless the nice and good ones, god/goddesses becomes benign): In plain Hindi-Jaisa des/Vaisa bhes/Jaisa insaan/Vaisa Bhagwaan.

Tulja Bhavani is Maharashtra’s ishta devta. The historical accounts of the 3rd Battle of Panipat between Ahmadshah Abdali’s force and Marathas suggest that Maratha soldiers were invoking their battle goddess (Bhavani, esp. Tulja Bhavani). Alas, she didn’t come and Abdali’s marauding army just finished the Marathas. It was so one-sided that in Marathi, there’s still a derogatory phrase, ‘Panipat Jhala’ (Panipat happened) because almost every family from Maharashtra at that time, lost at least one male member in that battle that took place in 1761.

Tulja Bhavani somewhere has that image of Benevolent Ma Durga in the consciousness of Bengalis. When during Shaardiya Durgotsav, Ma Durga’s idol is made, she’s seen killing Mahishasur. But in Bengal, this raudra roop is juxtaposed with the daughter’s home-coming. There, she’s a daughter who comes home.

The religious legends, though always false, lend new and interesting dimensions. People with a religious bent of mind when visit Maharashtra, make it a point to visit Tulja Bhavani and seek her blessings. Tuljapur temple timings for visit are 4 am to 09:30 pm.

She’s also known as ‘warriors’ goddess’ (Veeranchi devi). Professor V S Sukhtankar, who edited Vedvyas’ original Mahabharat at Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Poona, opined that the phonetic sound of the very word BHAVANI evokes the images of something related to battle, war and battle-cry. It’s a combination of beatific and brute, benign and boisterous, bold and beautiful.

Famous Housing Societies of Pakistan

Pakistan is among those developing countries which are making progress towards economic stability. In the past few years, Pakistan was facing major property slump because of the occurrence of some property problems during that period of time. But now, the Real Estate Market of Pakistan is flourishing and taking affluent steps towards economic stability. Many luxurious and affordable housing schemes are being introduced in Pakistan which is gradually stabilizing the real estate market.

A brief overview of the best societies of Pakistan is listed below. Let’s check it:

1. Bahria Town
Bahria Town is a privately owned Rawalpindi based Real Estate Development Company which was founded in late 1990’s and is now managing successful property projects all over Pakistan. It usually caters the needs of upper middle class and high income families of Pakistan providing them with lavish living standards and modern amenities.

2. Defence Housing Authority (DHA)
Defence Housing Authority is an upscale real estate organization administered once by the Pakistan Army that has endeavored to provide housing for retired and current military personnel and to the other people so that they may enjoy the innovative models of luxurious living. The company has its projects spanned over all famous cities of Pakistan which include Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Gujranwala.

3. Faazia Housing Scheme
Faazia Housing Scheme is a high profile housing project by Pakistan Air Force which is serving people with its top quality housing facilities. It is the first housing project of its nature where civilians are also accommodated so that they may have safe, secure, comfortable and high standard of living too. Many successful residential projects are launched by the name of Faazia Housing Society all over cities of Pakistan like Lahore, Karachi, Rawalpindi, Sargodha and Gujranwala.

4. Askari Housing Scheme
Askari Scheme is one of the top-notch housing schemes these days and has its residential projects spanned all over Pakistan. It is launched by Askari Real Estate Unit which was established in 1990 and then successfully launched viable housing schemes in Lahore, Rawalpindi, Peshawar and Karachi. Being an army controlled society, it is well-known for integrated security, setup and planning.

5. Gulberg Greens
Gulberg Greens Farm Housing Scheme is located at Mouza Koral in Zone IV on Main Expressway, Islamabad. It has opened new doors and set new standards of modern living in Islamabad for most discerning families. This residential project is one of the top most housing schemes in Pakistan with an area of 3862 Kanal and 409 residential plots approximately.

Colourful Fairs and Festivals of Rajasthan

Rajasthan is India’s largest and the only desert state. However, it’s not just these 2 features that make the state of Rajasthan what it is today.

The royal state of Rajasthan is known throughout the world for its undying hospitality, hundreds of years of culture and traditions, carefully-preserved cuisine, and a plethora of fairs and festivals. These are things that attract thousands of people from all walks of life to Rajasthan, each year.

When I think of Rajasthan, I think of colours and cuisine and royalty and heritage. I think of celebrations and feasts and fairs and festivals. The very essence of India, it can be found in Rajasthan.

And today, I’ll dedicate this post solely to Rajasthan festivals and fairs.

Let’s begin.

Rajasthan International Folk Festival

Often dubbed as People’s Platform for Creativity and Sustainable Development, this is an annual art and music festival that takes place is Jodhpur. Each year, the festival is celebrated around Sharad Purnima, the night with the brightest full moon.

1. Pushkar Fair

Drawing in more than 200000 people and 50000 camels, Pushkar Camel Fair is widely considered to be one of the largest camel trade fairs in the world. Lasting about 13 days, each day of the fair has its own set of trading activities and competitions. As a bonus, you can also enjoy camel safaris and hot air ballooning.

2. Desert Festival

This 3-day running festival is organized by Rajasthan Tourism and is held in February each year. Desert festival in Rajasthan is undoubtedly Jaisalmer’s most revered festivals and celebrates the delights of the desert like no other place possibly can. Keys attractions during this festival includes turban tying and longest mustache competition, local gigs by folk artists and camel races.

3. International Kite Festival

Held both in Jodhpur and the state capital Jaipur, the international kite festival is celebrated around Makar Sankranti, each year. One of the most popular festivals celebrated in Rajasthan, it’s a splendid spectre of kites decking you the entire desert sky.

4. Jaipur Literature Festival

Jaipur Literature Festival is sometimes referred to as the greatest literary show on this planet, which in my opinion, is not far from the truth. Inviting the creme de la creme of the literary landscape, this literary summit takes place in the last quarter of January, each year. From Nobel laureates to literature enthusiasts, and everyone in between, all flock to Jaipur’s Diggi Palace to be a part of this literature fiesta.

This, of course, is not an exclusive list of the state’s countless festivals. But there’s only so much a single post can accommodate. However, there’s a lot more to Rajasthan than meets the eyes. And in order to experience the unknown, one must be prepared to venture into places where most fear to tread.